As medical science allows us to become more proficient at saving the lives of these children, their need for survivorship support in adolescence and adulthood has grown. Approximately two out of three children experience at least one long term side effect of treatment. These side effects may affect any organ depending on the primary type of cancer the child was treated for and the treatment the child received. These may include damage to the heart, lungs, kidneys, sexual organs, as well as cause psychosocial, emotional effects and learning difficulties. In addition, these children are faced with difficulty in obtaining health and life insurance as well as possible discrimination in adulthood obtaining a job.